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NATO Secretary General, Lord Robertson presents to SACEUR, General Wesley Clark, the NATO Medal for the former Yugoslavia and the NATO Medal for Kosovo - Apr. 12, 2000

General Wesley K. Clark USA (ret.) is the nation's most highly decorated officer since Dwight Eisenhower. Among his military decorations are the Defense Distinguished Service Medal (five awards); Distinguished Service Medal (two awards); Silver Star, Legion of Merit (four awards); Bronze Star Medal (two awards); Purple Heart; Meritorious Service Medal (two awards); Army Commendation Medal (two awards); NATO Medal for Service with NATO on Operations in Relation to Kosovo, NATO Medal for Service with NATO on Operations in Relation to the Former Republic of Yugoslavia, Legacy of Leadership and Lady Liberty(TM) Award.

His Foreign awards include the Honorary Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (United Kingdom); Commander of the Legion of Honor (France); Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany; Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Orange-Nassau, with Swords (Netherlands); Grand Officer of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy; Grand Cross of the Medal of Military Merit (Portugal); The Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of Republic of Poland; Grand Officer of the Order of Merit of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg; Grand Medal of Military Merit (White Band) (Spain); The Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold (Belgium); Cross of Merit of the Minister of Defense First Class (Czech Republic); Order of Merit of the Hungarian Republic; Commander's Cross, The Silver Order of Freedom of the Republic of Slovenia; Madarski Konnik Medal (Bulgaria); Commemorative Medal of the Minister of Defense of the Slovak Republic First Class (Slovakia); First Class Order of Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas (Lithuania); Order of the Cross of the Eagle (Estonia); The Skandeberg Medal (Albania); Order of Merit of Morocco; Order of Merit of Argentina; The Grade of Prince Butmir w/Ribbon and Star (Croatia) and the Military Service Cross of Canada.

(Central Europe Sep. 8, 2000, U.S. State Department Oct. 2, 1999,

More details on who and when awarded Gen. Wesley K. Clark, here below:

USA - Defense Secretary William Cohen, September 24, 1999
USA - Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright, October 1, 1999
Bulgaria - President Peter Stoyanov, March 13, 2000
Czech Republic - Defence Minister Vladimir Vetchy, March 21, 2000
Slovakia - Defence Minister Pavol Kanis, March 22, 2000
Great Britain - Defence Secretary Hoon, acting for Queen Elizabeth, March 29, 2000
France - Minister of Defence Alain Richard, April 7, 2000
USA - Defense Secretary William Cohen, May 2, 2000
USA - Defense Secretary William Cohen, May 2, 2000, awarding Clark's wife
USA - Senate, Free-standing bill , June 29, 2000
USA - President Bill Clinton, August 9, 2000
USA - Goals For Americans, October 12, 2000


US Defense Secretary William Cohen congratulates Gen. Clark after presenting him the Defense Distinguished Service Medal at a Pentagon ceremony, September 24, 1999

How Wesley Clark led the 'War By Committee'

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Albright in honor of Gen. Clark
Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright

Remarks at White House Fellows Association Gala Dinner
In Honor of General Wesley Clark, "Legacy of Leadership" Award
Washington, DC, October 1, 1999
As released by the Office of the Spokesman, October 2, 1999
U.S. Department of State

(As Delivered)


And there is no better example of that kind of leadership than General Wesley K. Clark.

Madeleine Albright was appauled at the early removal of Wesley Clark from SACEUR's post

Wes is one of my personal heroes -- and not just because of the way he looks in a uniform.

General Clark has proven himself to be a diplomat of the highest order as well as an outstanding military commander and strategist.

In Dayton, he offered creative solutions -- and a mastery of detail -- to help bridge seemingly intractable differences; and he used a combination of charm and persistence to win the confidence of three leaders who had little if any trust in each other.

But for General Clark, that was just a warm-up. In Kosovo, he had what Italy's foreign minister correctly called "the most difficult task of them all" during NATO's first real military campaign.

In Kosovo, we asked the political and military leaders of nineteen nations to work together, and decide -- by consensus! -- on tactical as well as strategic decisions.

And we asked Wes Clark to lead and coordinate the entire effort.

I can testify that he did a tremendous job, from start to finish.

He is a man of wisdom and courage, who helped change history just a little bit. He has my personal admiration for everything he has done..

In short, General Clark is the embodiment of everything John Gardner hoped for when he created the White House Fellowships.

Wes has well-earned this award, and the lasting gratitude of our nation.

[End of Document]

Secretary's Home Page | State Department Home Page



Gen. Clark-Bulgaria: Sofia's BTA, March 13, reported that Bulgarian President Peter Stoyanov on Monday presented the Order of the Madara Horseman, First Class with Swords, to Gen. Clark. The report quoted a presidential decree saying Gen. Clark was being honored for his "extraordinary services to the promotion of military cooperation between Bulgaria and NATO and to this country's preparation for membership in the Alliance." It also cited Peter Stoyanov stressing that while "the decree limits itself to the main reasons," he also conferred the distinction on Gen. Clark for showing understanding of the difficult process in Bulgaria in recent years. "Gen. Clark has an exceedingly important place in the dialogue between Bulgaria and NATO," Stoyanov reportedly said, expressing his conviction that Gen. Clark's efforts in future appointments would continue to benefit the Alliance and Bulgaria. The dispatch added that acknowledging the high honor, Gen. Clark thanked the president for Bulgaria's support to the allied effort during the Kosovo crisis. He also thanked the president for his personal contribution to cooperation with NATO in recent years. "The general gave high marks to the performance of the Bulgarian troops committed to the Allied missions in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo, noting that their role exceeded by far the numerical strength of the Bulgarian engineers there," the dispatch continued.
In a related broadcast, Sofia Khorizont Radio noted the reform in the Bulgarian army and joint exercises with NATO were two of the subjects discussed at the meeting between Gen. Clark and President Peter Stoyanov.
Sofia's Monitor, March 13, claimed senior officers in Bulgaria's General Staff admitted "it cannot be ruled out that there is a direct connection between (Gen. Clark's visit) to Bulgaria … and the upcoming Dynamic Response 2000 exercise. Quoting the sources saying it could not be ruled out that NATO aircraft may again enter Bulgarian airspace, the report suggested Gen. Clark may have used his visit to "calm the government" in advance.



Gen. Clark-Czech Republic: Prague's CTK, March 21, reported Defense Minister Vladimir Vetchy on Tuesday presented Gen. Clark with a medal and thanked him for having supported the Czech Republic's bid for NATO entry. The dispatch quoted Gen. Clark saying, at a news conference after talks with Czech Army Chief of Staff Gen. Sedivy, he believed it was necessary for the Czech army to complete its transformation. The Czech Army needed to improve its system of financing, develop the skills of its commanders and improve their knowledge of English, Gen. Clark said.


Wednesday, 22 March 2000     Radio Slovakia International

General Wesley Clark Visits Slovakia

Commander in Chief of NATO forces in Europe, General Wesley Clark, visited Slovakia on Wednesday. During his one-day visit, General Clark met with the Chief of Staff of the Slovak Army General Milan Cerovsky and Defense Minister Pavol Kanis. The main themes of their talks were post-election developments in Austria, the situation in the Balkans, and the modernization and reform of the Slovak armed forces. Slovak Defense Minister Pavol Kanis decorated General Clark with a commemorative medal of the Slovak Defense Ministry of the first degree, the highest ministerial award. Slovak Prime Minister Mikulas Dzurinda and Foreign Affairs Minister Eduard Kukan also received the guest.

© 1998-2000 SLOVENSKO.COM



Gen. Clark-Britain: Under the title, "NATO chief knighted at MOD," The Times writes a unique ceremony took place in the British Defense Ministry on Wednesday when Gen. Clark was presented with the insignia of an honorary knighthood. The newspaper notes the honor was conferred on Gen. Clark by Defense Secretary Hoon, who, acting for Queen Elizabeth in her absence, presented the insignia of the Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KCB) to the general. The newspaper observes Gen. Clark is one of only a few foreign military personnel to receive an honorary knighthood. His two predecessors as SACEUR were not knighted it says, adding previous recipients included Gen. Colin Powell and Gen. Schwarzkopf. A related AFP dispatch says Gen. Clark was praised for his direction of peacekeeping forces in Bosnia and Kosovo. It notes that since 1990, only seven honorary knighthoods have been awarded to foreign military personnel.





00-04-05 10 April 2000

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Lessons of Kosovo: How Clark's relations with the French evolved

SHAPE, Belgium - General Wesley K. Clark, US Army, Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), made his farewell visit to France on Friday 7 April 2000. The travel was part of his farewell tour to NATO and Partnership for Peace countries as he completes his tenure as Supreme Allied Commander Europe.

The visit gave General Clark an opportunity to express his appreciation for France’s key role as part of NATO's efforts, under the command of SACEUR, in promoting peace and stability in Europe. The General met with President Jacques Chirac, Minister of Defense Alain Richard, and the Chief of Defense, General Jean-Pierre Kelche. General Clark commended, in particular, France's assistance toward resolving the crisis in the Balkans and highlighted France’s contributions to the multinational peacekeeping missions in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo.

General Clark was awarded 'Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur' by the Minister of Defence, Mr. Alain Richard. It is the first time in almost 25 years that a Supreme Allied Commander Europe was granted this high decoration.

In his speech Minister Richard mentioned that General Clark had a prominent role in the Dayton negotiations, development of ESDI, adapting the strategic conditions of the twenty-first century, developing and putting forward a global security vision for the Balkans and, he highlighted the key role that General Clark had in OPERATION ALLIED FORCE. Mr. Richard also said that it is important to appreciate General Clark’s role in the recent developments concerning the European pillar of the Alliance.

"General Clark was a remarkable ally for France and Europe. The importance of his contribution to European security and to the quality of the transatlantic relationship is recognized by all; his heritage will have positive effects in Europe for many years".


NATO's Clark turns over U.S. forces to successor

May 2, 2000
Web posted at: 9:43 AM EDT (1343 GMT)

How NATO won the Kosovo war

STUTTGART, Germany (Reuters) -- ...At Tuesday's handover ceremony at the U.S. European Command headquarters at Patch Field army base, U.S. Secretary of Defense William Cohen awarded Clark, who led U.S. and NATO forces during last year's 78-day NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, the first Kosovo campaign medal.


Kosovo medal

"A year ago today, Serbian forces were on a rampage and nearly a million Kosovars had fled, threatening to overwhelm neighbouring countries," Mr Cohen said during the hand over ceremony. "But because you responded, today Milosevic's thugs are out of Kosovo, the vast majority of refugees have returned, and neighbouring nations are joining in efforts to rebuild that ravaged land," Mr Cohen told General Clark.
During the ceremony General Clark received the first Kosovo campaign medal.


May 2, 2000

STUTTGART, Germany (Reuters) --
US Defense Secretary William Cohen awards Wesley Clark's wife Gertrude Clark, at Tuesday's handover ceremony at the U.S. European Command headquarters

Gertrude Clark



June 29, 2000

Cleland to sponsor Congressional Gold Medal for General Wesley Clark

Free-standing bill to honor Kosovo leader has support of 67 Senators

WASHINGTON, DC—  U.S. Senator Max Cleland today announced that he will sponsor a bill to award General Wesley Clark, former Supreme Allied Commander in Europe, the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor. Cleland had originally offered this measure as an amendment to the FY 2001 Defense Authorization bill, but because of procedural requirements, has decided to offer a free-standing bill to make the award.

"General Clark led the NATO forces to a decisive victory in the skies over Kosovo," Cleland said.  "He was the point person for a radically different type of war and combat, with a multi-national force and a multi-national set of leaders to gain consensus from. This is the new breed of combat for the 21st Century, and the General mastered it with the highest possible military standards."

The Congressional Gold Medal of Honor is the highest honor that the United States Government can bestow on an individual. The Medal was first awarded to George Washington. His medal, awarded by the Act of March 25, 1776, was the first of its kind to be bestowed. Past recipients of the award include General Colin Powell, General Norman Schwartzkopf, Mother Teresa of Calcutta and most recently John Cardinal O'Connor.

"When we make the decision to use force, it must be our goal to win and win quickly," Cleland said. "General Clark led over 75,000 troops from 37 countries in military operations against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, putting a stop to Slobodan Milosevic's horrendous human rights abuses and wholesale ethnic cleansing in Kosovo. He always acted with the utmost professionalism, even when working within the confines of war-by-coalition. His performance was a tribute to United States military training, leadership and expertise. He was successful in meeting the difficult challenge given to him, and should be recognized accordingly."

Senator Cleland has secured the support of sixty-six other Senators, the number required by the Senate Banking Committee, the committee of jurisdiction, to consider any coin or gold medal legislation.

Sen. Cleland's homepage


August 09, 2000


CSIS Distinguished Senior Adviser Led NATO's First Combat Operation

Contact: Mark Schoeff Jr. 202-775-3242, Stephen Chappell 775-3167

Clark and Clinton

Photo by Liz Lynch

Lessons of Kosovo: How Bill Clinton's decisions evolved

WASHINGTON, August 9, 2000 — Retired Gen. Wesley Clark will receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Bill Clinton today in the East Room of the White House, joining 14 other distinguished Americans who will be honored at the ceremony with the nation’s highest civilian award.

“I accept the Medal of Freedom on behalf of each man and woman serving in today’s U.S. armed forces. Their courage, and the heroism and sacrifice of millions of American veterans, ensures our freedom every day,” Clark said.

The Presidential Medal of Freedom is awarded to people who have made especially meritorious contributions to U.S. national security, to world peace, or to cultural or other significant public or private endeavors. The medal may be bestowed on citizens of other nations and may be awarded posthumously.

“Wes Clark richly deserves the Medal of Freedom, not just for the outstanding job he did leading NATO in its first and only conflict, but for a lifetime of distinguished service in the United States Army and for the Department of Defense. He brings energy and imagination to foreign and security policy and will continue to serve his country with distinction. All of his new colleagues at CSIS celebrate his well-deserved honor,” said CSIS president and CEO John Hamre.

Clark, Supreme Allied Commander Europe from July 10, 1997, until May 3, 2000, joined CSIS August 1 as a distinguished senior adviser. He will work across the full range of the Center’s programs, concentrating particularly on international security.

The Associated Press
By Anne Gearan
NATO News24 Dallas Morning News

9-10 August 2000

Jesse Jackson, Gen. Clark Awarded Medal of Freedom With 13 Others

Washington - An emotional President Bill Clinton praised the "keen intellect and loving heart" of sometime political rival Rev. Jesse Jackson, and the leadership of the iconoclastic general who disagreed with his strategy during the Kosovo air war, as he bestowed the Presidential Medal of Freedom on 15 people. Clinton's voice grew thin as he listed the accomplishments of Americans as diverse as Jackson, retired Army Gen. Wesley Clark, economist John Kenneth Galbraith, Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, a New York Democrat, former Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman retired Adm. William Crowe and former Democratic presidential candidate George McGovern.

"From the founding of our nation it has been the duty of each generation to achieve freedom all over again, to expand it, to deepen its meaning, to widen the circle of those who are included as full citizens," Clinton said at a packed ceremony in the East Room of the White House.

"Today we honour 15 men and women who have done exactly that," Clinton said. "They have helped America to achieve freedom."

Jackson is considered both a Clinton ally and a fly in the presidential ointment. The civil rights leader is a frequent sight at the White House, even though he flirted briefly with the idea of challenging Clinton for the Democratic presidential nomination.

Jackson prayed with the Clinton family after the president disclosed his extramarital affair with Monica Lewinsky, but defied Clinton advisers last year by going to Yugoslavia to retrieve three American soldiers held as prisoners.

An orator at least as gifted as Clinton, Jackson sometimes outshines the president. Clinton jokingly acknowledged the rhetorical rivalry. "You are now about to witness one of the best things about this ceremony," Clinton said. "For a change, I don't have to follow Jesse Jackson."

After the ceremony, Jackson praised the Clinton administration for promoting "the most inclusive America," but did not paper over his differences with the White House.

'Rubbing the Edges'

"Those of us who would dare be change agents, who lead by moulding opinion and not following opinion polls, always rub the edges of our society," [Jesse] Jackson said.

Clark commanded NATO during the 78-day air war against Yugoslav forces last year that forced the retreat from Kosovo. During the war Clark made little secret of his belief that the alliance must actively consider a ground invasion, and he chafed at the graduated air campaign prosecuted by the Clinton administration.

Clark was replaced early, but professed no bitterness. Clinton said last year that the selection of another general for the job had nothing to do with Clark's conduct during the war.

On Wednesday, Clinton noted many experts thought the Kosovo operation was "mission impossible." "Instead, thanks to Gen. Clark, we now can declare it mission accomplished," Clinton said.

The honorees, who also include a pioneering AIDS researcher, a crusading Hispanic legal activist and others known mostly for work among the poor or disadvantaged, "have helped us to secure the blessing of liberty, by acts of bravery, conscience and creativity," Clinton said.

The medal, the nation's highest civilian award, was established by former President Harry S. Truman as a wartime honour. President John F. Kennedy reintroduced it as a way to honour civilian service.

Only the president may award the medal. White House spokesman Joe Lockhart said Wednesday's awards are the last Clinton will do as a group, although he may award others individually if he chooses. - Sapa-AP.


Stephens Inc. Consultant General Wesley Clark Receives Lady Liberty(TM) Award

Thursday October 12 7:02pm
Source: PR Newswire

LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Oct. 12 /PRNewswire/ -- Retired Army General Wesley Clark, a corporate consultant for Stephens Inc., an Arkansas-based investment banking firm, was one of four inaugural recipients of the Lady Liberty(TM) Award given by the Goals for Americans(R). Other winners were Peter H. Raven, Ph.D., director of the Missouri Botanical Garden; LaDoris Payne-Bell, president of WomanSpirit, Inc.; and Republican Senator William Roth Jr., from Delaware.

Established by foundation President and Founder, Paul Flum, the Lady Liberty Award recognizes the vision, fortitude and leadership of Americans who are addressing the challenges of the 21st century and moving society in positive directions. General Clark received the Lady Liberty Award for National Security and World Peace at a private ceremony in Washington D.C. October 4.

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When Wesley Clark was in a uniform

A recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian award, Clark retired in June as a four-star general after 34 years in the military. He was commander-in-chief of the U.S. European Command and Supreme Allied Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization for three years before his retirement. He was overall commander of Operation Allied Force, the NATO campaign in the spring of 1999 aimed at driving Serbian forces out of Kosovo.

Clark is a graduate of Hall High School in Little Rock. In 1966, he graduated first in his class from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. He holds a master's degree in philosophy, politics and economics from Oxford University.

The Goals for Americans Foundation promotes long-range planning and the setting of goals in policy formulation. The organization is launching a new program in cooperation with the Woodrow Wilson Center that is designed to support long-range thinking, planning and goal setting in the public sector. The project will also conduct research to identify future challenges to policy making both domestically and internationally.

Stephens Inc. was founded in 1933, and is now the largest and oldest privately held investment bank in the South. The firm has offices in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Nashville, New York and London, as well as throughout Arkansas. Stephens Inc. is a member of the New York Stock Exchange.

Source: Stephens Inc.
Contact:Frank Thomas of Stephens Inc., 501-377-8127, or



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