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Various in brief (SHAPE News)
Ret. Gen. Wesley K. Clark joins Stephens Group Inc.
Gen. Wesley K. Clark joins International Crisis Group
Bus Captain Supreme
Arrest of British and Canadian citizens and tensions in Montenegro (SHAPE News)
General Clark to Travel to Jakarta as Member of International Crisis Board
Exclusive Representation by Greater Talent Network
Press advisory: December 12-13, 2000
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Gen. Clark: According to The Times, former SACEUR Gen. Clark "has fired a bitter parting shot" at his Pentagon bosses, suggesting that the United States is being weakened by fear of battlefield casualties. At a ceremony marking his retirement from the U.S. Army last Friday, Gen. Clark reportedly unleashed a thinly veiled attack on Washington leaders for shying away from bold action that could lead to loss of life. "What better to fight for than what you believe in and value?", he asked at the military ceremony at Fort Meyer, Washington. The time had come for the army leadership to develop "a new mentality," he said, adding: "Give us a mission and send us in." The newspaper notes Gen. Clark is now writing his memoirs and suggests these are sure to bring him into dispute again with the Pentagon and his former superiors.

The July 3 edition of U.S. News & World Report notes Gen. Clark has obtained a job analyzing technology firms for an investment bank in Arkansas and has several corporate-board offers. But the weekly adds, "the worry in Washington is whether Clark, said to have railed on Pentagon brass for micromanaging the (Kosovo conflict), will publicly unload on them."


France's Le Monde writes that in an interview in Washington on Thursday, on the eve of his retirement ceremony, Gen. Clark discussed NATO's air campaign against Yugoslavia and reports of a deal under which Milosevic would be given immunity if he steps down.

Stressing he does not believe the reports are true and that, in any case, he is opposed to such a scenario, Gen. Clark reportedly said: "(Milosevic) is a war criminal; he must go to The Hague." He stressed his conviction that the Serb leader is a "discredited man," explaining: "When I saw him in Belgrade with (then Chairman NAMILCOM Klaus Naumann), I asked Milosevic if he still considered, as he told Holbrooke in 1998, that Kosovo was more important than his own neck. He screamed very loudly, 'no.' I asked him, Sir, what then did you say at the time? He replied, 'I said Kosovo was more important than my head.' Now, I ask the question, who has Kosovo today, Milosevic, or others?" Gen. Clark reportedly continued: "Milosevic's position was not that strong. He discredited himself. He did not give his head to save Kosovo. He gave Kosovo to save his head." According to the newspaper, Gen. Clark indicated that during the air campaign over Yugoslavia, his relations with the French were "excellent." Asked if he had problems with French authorities regarding the targeting of bridges, he said: "A high-ranking French air force officer once told me, 'I understand you want to attack bridges.' I answered, 'yes.' But, the French officer added, 'don't you understand that we do not want to hurt the Serbs, our European brothers? And, anyway, who do you think will have to pay to rebuild the bridges?' This is very sharp reasoning. It did not make me change my mind, but I understood better why certain countries were resisting the idea of taking out the bridges. But this being said, eventually, we would have taken the bridges out anyway; it was inevitable." According to the newspaper, the anecdote reinforced Gen. Clark's conviction as well as the main lesson he draws from the Kosovo conflict: "Once you have crossed the threshold of resorting to military force, you must use it in the most possible decisive way to reach your objective. The next question is: isn't it better to go strong from the beginning, in order to shorten the operation and reach your goal with more efficiency, rather than let things drag and have to destroy so much and risk more civilian casualties?" According to the newspaper, Gen. Clark called for a reflection on "a new strategic partnership," stressing: "The logic of the Cold War, under which it was sufficient to show force to demonstrate cohesion and purpose is no longer valid. Today's armed forces must be capable to reach a military objective in order to rapidly obtain a negotiated capitulation." Gen. Clark reportedly insisted one thing was clear: Europe had neither the air power nor the technology to conduct the war. Asked whether Europe would be capable to take care of Kosovo-like conflicts if it acquired those lacking means, he answered: "I believe there must be a first resort to NATO. We must use all of our diplomatic and political weight. One thing we remember from the Cold War is that together, the United States and Europe are capable of resolving any problem. Those who would try to act without this trans-Atlantic link risk being disappointed."


Stephens Group Inc.
Ret. Gen. Wesley K. Clark joins Stephens Group Inc.

For Immediate Release
June 29, 2000
Contact: Frank Thomas

Wesley K. Clark

LITTLE ROCK, AR- Retired Army Gen. Wesley Clark, the internationally admired leader who served three distinguished years as NATO's supreme allied commander, Europe, has joined Little Rock-based Stephens Group Inc. as a corporate consultant to help develop emerging-technology companies.

Clark, a Rhodes Scholar and technology expert who grew up in Little Rock, also served as commander in chief of the U.S. European Command for the last four years of his military career, and spent a year in Panama as the commander in chief of the U.S. Southern Command. He begins his corporate career at Stephens' Washington, D.C., office on July 5.

Stephens Group is a privately owned company that invests in a wide variety of industries. Among the company's many holdings are Stephens Inc., a renowned 68-year-old firm that is one of the country's largest investment banks in terms of excess capital; and Donrey Media Group, a multimedia conglomerate that operates 20 newspapers in eight states, along with television, Internet and outdoor advertising properties.

"My affiliation with Stephens provides an opportunity to apply my experience and skills in strategic leadership, high technology, training and organizational development to the challenges of the private sector," Clark said. "I intend to help develop emerging technologies and their applications and bring them to the marketplace."

Warren Stephens, president and CEO of both Stephens Group and Stephens Inc., said he is delighted that Clark chose Stephens above the many investment banks and other firms that sought his expertise.

"We are very pleased to have Gen. Clark affiliated with our firm," Stephens said. "We're proud of his service to our country and his leadership at NATO. And we're confident that with his background, Gen. Clark is perfectly positioned to make a significant contribution to our firm.

"Stephens has developed a strong reputation for uncovering, researching, analyzing and investing in promising technology companies, from Internet-commerce firms to companies that produce surgical biomaterials and develop potential cures for cancer," Stephens says. "Gen. Clark's vast experience in developing applications for high-technology products and processes will be indispensable to emerging-technology companies, and his well-documented leadership and organizational skills will be treasured by companies in all industries."

As supreme allied commander, Europe, Clark was in overall command of NATO's military forces in Europe - some 75,000 troops from 37 NATO and other nations involved in the ongoing operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo - and was responsible for safeguarding an area extending from the northern tip of Norway to the eastern border of Turkey. In 1999, Gen. Clark commanded the alliance's military response to the Kosovo crisis.

As commander in chief of the U.S. European Command, Clark commanded approximately 109,000 American servicemen and women in one of nine Unified Combatant Commands in the U.S. Department of Defense. The European Command covers more than 13 million square miles of Europe, Africa and the Middle East.



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Gen. Wesley K. Clark joins International Crisis Group
This non-governmental organization which advocates policy solutions for global hot spots, added more big names to its board of trustees on its fifth anniversary, a statement said on Monday. Former Yugoslavia war crimes tribunal prosecutor Louise Arbour, former NATO commander General Wesley Clark, former European Commission president Jacques Delors and ex-commissioner Emma Bonino were among 21 newcomers, the ICG said. The group's 53-member board is chaired by Finland's ex-president Martti Ahtisaari. Former Australian foreign minister Gareth Evans serves as president and chief executive.(Reuters 031514 GMT Jul 00)



MONTENEGRO/Yugoslavia -comments:
The Washington Post carried an article by Anna Husarska - the senior political analyst at the International Crisis Group - stating that NATO Secretary General George Robertson and Javier Solana - the EU's foreign and security policy chief - spared no effort to show support for the Montenegrin government, by visiting and receiving the president often. But unfortunately, it is the strong signal coming from the Pentagon that really captures the attention of Milosevic, the daily pointed out. It explained that Gen. Wesley Clark , who frequently expressed his concern for stability in Montenegro, was replaced as the SACEUR by Gen. Joseph Ralston, who has been silent on this subject, almost as if Montenegro has fallen off the maps at the Pentagon. This may be misread in Belgrade as a green light for stirring up trouble, and it may be a costly mistake, the article stressed.


Center for Strategic and International Studies

July 10, 2000

Former Supreme Allied Commander Named Distinguished Adviser

Contact: Mark Schoeff Jr. 202-775-3242, Stephen Chappell 775-3167

WASHINGTON, July 10, 2000 — Retired U.S. Army Gen. Wesley K. Clark, who commanded the first major combat operation in NATO history, was named today a distinguished senior adviser at CSIS.

Supreme Allied Commander Europe from July 10, 1997, until May 3, 2000, will work with the Center across the full range of its programs, concentrating particularly on international security. Clark was in overall command of NATO’s military forces in Europe and led approximately 75,000 troops from 37 NATO and other nations participating in ongoing operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo. In 1999, Clark commanded the alliance’s military response to the Kosovo crisis –Operation Allied Force.

Clark also was head of the U.S. European Command, responsible for all U.S. military activities in 89 countries and territories covering more than 13 million square miles of Europe, Africa, and the Middle East and involving approximately 109,000 U.S. troops.

Clark served as commander in chief of the U.S. Southern Command, Panama, from June 1996 to July 1997, where he commanded all U.S. forces and was responsible for most U.S. military activities in Latin America and the Caribbean. From April 1994 to June 1996, he was the staff officer responsible for global politico-military affairs and U.S. military strategic planning for the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He also led the military negotiations for the Bosnian Peace Accords at Dayton.

Clark graduated first in his 1966 class at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He holds a master’s degree in philosophy, politics, and economics from Oxford University, where he studied as a Rhodes Scholar. He is a graduate of the National War College, Command and General Staff College, Armor Officer Advanced and Basic Courses, and Ranger and Airborne schools.

Among his military decorations are the Defense Distinguished Service Medal (five awards), Distinguished Service Medal (two awards), Silver Star, Legion of Merit (four awards), Bronze Star Medal (two awards), Purple Heart, Meritorious Service Medal (two awards), and the Army Commendation Medal (two awards). In addition, Clark received more than 20 major military awards from foreign governments, including honorary knighthoods from the United Kingdom and the Netherlands as well as the Commander of the Legion of Honor from France.

“Wes Clark combines extraordinary skill as a soldier and military strategist with vast experience in public policy and distinguished scholarship. We are fortunate to have the benefit of his association with the Center. He will be a great asset to CSIS as we engage the foreign and security policy agenda facing the nation in the new century,” said CSIS president and CEO John Hamre.

CSIS is an independent, nonpartisan public policy research organization


The Washington Post

By Al Kamen
Wednesday, August 2, 2000; Page A29

Gen. Wesley K. Clark

Bus Captain Supreme

There was a time when Gen. Wesley K. Clark, former supreme allied commander, Europe, had dutiful aides to smooth his way and all manner of planes and helicopters at his fingertips to get him where he needed to go, any time he wanted.

But Clark, a civilian for the last three months after retiring, is on his own these days, enjoying all the joys of modern airline travel that we've all come to know.

So there he was Friday night on the Delta Shuttle, sitting on the tarmac at LaGuardia Airport, trying to get back to Washington during those horrific thunderstorms.

The plane sat on the tarmac for 2 1/2 hours before word came that the flight was never going to happen. The passengers disembarked. Clark had no one to call on to arrange another way home.

Then he saw a fellow hawking tickets for folks wanting to take a bus to Washington. At least it had a bathroom. Clark hopped on. Virtually every seat was taken. The driver seemed to creep along through the rain but, save for a stop by the side of the road so the driver could use the facilities, the bus chugged in the right direction.

But as they got to Washington, the driver seemed to wander about trying to find his way through town to the airport.

"I couldn't stand it any more," Clark said, so he started giving orders to the bus driver as to the best route.

They arrived at a few minutes before 2 a.m., just about on time. The man who commanded NATO's war against Yugoslavia, NATO's first attack against a sovereign state, was now commanding a bus.

"It's not so bad if you get there on time," Clark said. But his adjustment to civilian travel has not been easy.

"It's been a real adventure," he said. So far he's been stranded in Atlanta, stranded in Phoenix and had his bags lost en route to Reno.

Not to worry. He's working with the Stephens Group, doing investment banking. The private jets may be more to his liking.



Yugoslavia -comments:
Media focus on the announcement that two British and two Canadian citizens are being detained by Belgrade on suspicion of spying. Commentators generally observe the arrest comes amid mounting tension in Montenegro and growing fears of a military coup. "There are fears that President Milosevic might attempt to topple the Montenegrin president while the United States is engrossed in its presidential elections this autumn and reassert his control," writes The Guardian. "According to western diplomats, the United States and Britain are drawing up contingency plans to impose a no-fly zone over Montenegro if Milosevic threatens to use force against the republic. But a Yugoslav foreign ministry official said any such zone would be an unprecedented provocation," the article adds. It also notes that Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott and former SACEUR, ret. Gen. Clark, are both convinced that the Serb leader will strike in the next few months. According to the newspaper, Gen. Clark has urged the White House and the Pentagon to begin making preparations: putting aircraft in place and securing the backing of as many NATO allies as possible. Italy's il Giornale considers that with the arrest, Milosevic is again defying NATO. In this respect, the daily notes that two days ago, Gen. Clark warned that Milosevic was preparing for another war. The International Herald Tribune writes meanwhile that western diplomats fear that Milosevic is not merely creating a sense of threat to help his election campaign, but may also be laying the groundwork for some military action in Montenegro. "NATO provided Montenegro a security guarantee during last year's air campaign, but that guarantee is no longer operational. NATO and western officials regularly warn Milosevic not to move against Montenegro, but they do not specify what NATO might do about it," the newspaper notes. In a contribution to The Independent, Paddy Ashdown, a former leader of the British Liberal Democrat Party, who has just returned from an extended visit to Kosovo and Montenegro, warns that "the stage is set for another Milosevic miscalculation." Ashdown writes, however, that while the opportunities for mischief are in place, the West appears divided in its response and uncertain what to do next. He insists that as always in the Balkans, "the cost of action has to be measured against the price of inaction." Clear messages have to be sent to Milosevic and these must be backed with credible signals of resolve. On the military side, it means drawing up proper contingency plans for the various eventualities, including the most overtly dangerous one of an attempted military coup; considering in what circumstances we could impose a no-fly zone; immediate judicious employment of western warship units in the Adriatic, Ashdown stresses. The Daily Telegraph speculates that the arrests of the British and Canadian citizens was sparked by President Djukanovic's insistence that Montenegro will boycott presidential, parliamentary and local elections called by Milosevic for next month. The Times comments Belgrade's aim appears to be to provoke a confrontation that would lead to armed Serb intervention, but would not be clear-cut enough to trigger an immediate western military response. To raise the tension, Milosevic is now linking the arrests with charges of spying. The clear implication is that the West, through the opposition and anti-Serbian forces in Montenegro, is still attempting to crush Serbia, the newspaper says. The arrests are another sign that Milosevic is stepping up the pressure on pro-western and independence-minded Montenegro and will add to fears that Montenegro is destined to be the next war in the break up of the former Yugoslavia, writes The Independent.


Central Europe Online  -  PR Newswire

General Clark to Travel to Jakarta as Member of International Crisis Board

Gen. Wesley K. Clark

LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Sep 8, 2000 -- (PRNewswire) Retired U.S. Army General Wesley K. Clark, former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, will travel Saturday to Jakarta, Indonesia, as one of the newest members of the International Crisis Group (ICG) Board of Trustees headquartered in Brussels, Belgium.

Clark was appointed to the ICG Board shortly after his retirement from the military in June of 2000. He resides in Washington D.C. where he is focused on speaking engagements and his new career with Little Rock-based Stephens Group Inc. as a corporate consultant to help develop emerging-technology companies.

The ICG was formed five years ago with the mission to prevent and contain conflict through analysis, policy recommendations and advocacy. The 53 member board includes former heads of state, prime ministers, foreign ministers, prominent writers, academics, and business and military leaders. The Board is chaired by Martti Ahtisaari, former president of Finland. Gareth Evans, former foreign minister of Australia, serves as the ICG's president and chief executive. Clark was appointed to the ICG Board earlier this summer.

The ICG Board will spend several days in Indonesia meeting with government officials and leaders of fighting Christian and Moslem factions to recommend ways to bring peace and stability to civil unrest that has resulted in thousands of deaths and thousands of more people becoming refugees.

In addition to being a member of the ICG Board, Clark serves as a distinguished advisor for the Center for Strategic & International Studies and is a director of the Atlantic Council.

On Aug. 9, in a White House ceremony, Clark was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor.



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    Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander

    Exclusive Representation by Greater Talent Network

    Wes Clark, former Supreme Allied Commander of Europe, is the nation's most highly decorated military officer since General Dwight D. Eisenhower. His leadership experiences have taken him from Vietnam to Latin America and ultimately to the position of NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, where he was the first man to lead NATO forces in an international campaign. Clark commanded all NATO forces to success in the important and controversial Kosovo conflict without a single Allied casualty. He has also been a leader in developing international military and security strategy in Europe, Latin America, the Caribbean and Africa, as well as one of the technology pioneers who helped guide the Army into digital technology.

    Now retired, Clark is a consultant for Stephens Group, Inc., an investment-banking firm founded in 1933. In this position Clark will serve to develop emerging-technology companies and bring them to the marketplace. He was also recently presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, for his outstanding leadership and service in the Kosovo conflict.

    As American business is increasingly sustained by the global market, international political and military strategy occupies a role of vital significance. With a career that includes powerful positions in Latin America and Europe, Clark has been on the front lines of the world's emerging markets, intimately aware of the political strategy and psychology that dictates corporate bottom lines. Applying his experience and skills in strategic leadership, high technology, training and organizational development to the challenges facing the corporate world, he offers a singularly informed and dynamic view of leadership based on honor, conviction and action.

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    General Charles T. Robertson, Jr. and General Wesley K. Clark, USA (Ret.) To Deliver Keynote Addresses at Defense Week's 21st Annual Conference December 12-13, 2000

    PR Newswire - September 29, 2000 16:37

    WASHINGTON, Sept. 29 /PRNewswire/ -- Defense Week is pleased to announce that General Charles T. Robertson, Jr. and retired U.S. Army General Wesley K. Clark will deliver keynote luncheon addresses during its 21st annual conference entitled, "Military Airlift: Requirements and Global Business Opportunities" on Tuesday, December 12th and Wednesday, December 13th at The Army Navy Country Club, 1700 Army Navy Drive, Arlington, VA.

    Growing requirements, contracting response times, tightening budgets, and maintaining costly older aircraft are strangling efforts to modernize NATO air force's aging tanker and transport fleets -- the backbone of their warfighting capability. This conference will bring together senior officials in government and industry to discuss the critical issue of military airlift. Session topics on the two-day agenda include:

        * An examination of air mobility around the globe
        * Transatlantic airlift industry integration
        * A look at how Europeans are planning to address their current needs and
          future challenges
        * Procurement vs. Recapitalization
        * Challenges to the air mobility command
        * Future missions and challenges
        * Meeting Army and Marine requirements for military airlift
        * Emerging markets for the airlift industry
        * Global procurement options

    Other distinguished speakers on the two-day program include: Air Marshal Sir Timothy Garden KCB MA MPHIL FRAeS (Ret.), Former Assistant, Chief of Defence Staff, U.K. Ministry of Defence and Visiting Professor, King's College London; General Walter Kross, USAF (Ret.), Former Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Transportation Command and Commander, Air Mobility Command, U.S. Air Force; Lt. General Edwin E. Tenoso, USAF (Ret.), Director, Customer Requirements, Lockheed Martin Corporation; Brig. General Thomas Twomey, USAF (Ret.), Vice President, Air Force Programs, Raytheon Company; Richard L. Aboulafia, Director -- Aviation Consulting, Teal Group Corporation; and William E. Arndt, Vice President, Strategic Airlift, Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company.

    Defense Week is the award-winning publication that covers all areas of the U.S. defense industry and military establishment. Defense Week reports on defense policy, the DoD budget, acquisition issues, congressional priorities and alliances, weapons research, the international marketplace, defense conversion and environmental cleanup. It is frequently the first to report on crucial developments in government and industry and is often quoted by networks and major newspapers. The publisher is Llewellyn King and the editor is John Donnelly.

    For complete details on the conference or to register, contact Karen McHugh at the King Communications Group, Inc., 627 National Press Building, N.W, Washington, DC 20045; telephone: (202) 662-8564; fax: (202) 662-9719; For a complete, updated agenda and registration on the Internet, please visit:; email:

    SOURCE Defense Week

    /CONTACT: Keith Payne of Defense Week, 202-662-9715, or email:

    /Web site:

    Other activities of Gen. Wesley K. Clark (ret.) during this period:
    Sep. 8, 2000: article "Ready For What?"
    Oct. 11, 2000: article "Force of arms helped free Yugoslavia; now we must aid new president"
    Oct. 12, 2000: Stephens Inc. Consultant General Wesley Clark Receives Lady Liberty(TM) Award
    Oct. 23, 2000: article about Middle East "How to Fight an Asymmetric War"
    Oct. 21-25, 2000: Critical comments on U.S. presidential candidate G. W. Bush's ideas to end U.S. peacekeeping role in the Balkans"


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